fb

Supermommy to the rescue: First aid skills every parent should have

First aid

By: Natasha Archary

 

Nothing is scarier than having a little one who is in obvious distress, hurt or not breathing. Parenting is one of the most important roles you could ever take on and having first aid skills for when mommy or daddy’s kisses won’t fix the boo boo is equally necessary.

 

As a parent, I always keep a first aid kit in my car and at home. That way if my kiddo does hurt himself or need first aid, it’s supermommy to the rescue. I also recommend a basic first aid course for all parents, especially first time parents because accidents do happen and you want to be prepared to handle any emergency situation with calm confidence.

First aid

The scariest experience I’ve had as a mom was when my son got a sweet lodged in his throat. He wasn’t choking, luckily the sweet wasn’t lodged in his airway but he was still panicking and it happened in a restaurant. I knew what I had to do and managed to dislodge the sweet, inspected his throat for any other blockages and proceeded to issue a dose of kisses and hugs.

 

What happens when the situation is a lot worse? Would you know how to stabilise your child before medical help is on the way?

 

First Aid 101

First things first, invest in a quality first aid kit. Most pharmacies stock a range of kits with all the essentials included. My advice is to get a kit for the car, for both mom and dad and for any caregiver who will be babysitting.

 

Your kit should have: (These are the essentials and just a guide)

Adhesive bandaids/plasters in various sizes

Antiseptic solution or wipes

Latex free gloves (some are allergic to latex)

Instant cold compress

Antibiotic ointment

Insect repellent

Sterile guaze pads

A scissor

Bandages

Burn kit

First aid manual

Thermometer

Cotton balls

Emergency blanket

Contact numbers for EMS

 

Where to begin?

 

  • Minor cuts and scrapes

These are unavoidable and part of growing up. Toddlers will get little knicks, bumps, bruises and scrapes as they discover the world around them, through play. For minor cuts and scrapes, wash your hands, put on the gloves and disinfect the area. Remove any debris with water and a cotton ball before applying some antiseptic liquid.

 

If it’s bleeding, apply a bandaid and change this as and when it becomes soiled. If the bleeding does not subside and you’re concerned about the wound (if there’s swelling, pain or excessive bleeding) take your child to the doctor or paediatrician. Minor cuts and scrapes don’t usually require a trip to the E.R so just monitor the area.

 

  • Choking

Small children have a tendacity to put everything in their mouths and should be monitored at all times. If your child is choking and coughing to get the obstacle dislodged, encourage them to continue doing so. This could help clear the object. Remain calm and stay closeby until it does. If that doesn’t work you will need to either call EMS or initiate the Heimlich maneuver (abdominal thrusts).

 

Attending a first aid training course would equip you to handle the situation better. If not and waiting for the EMS is not an option, have someone drive you to the nearest hospital while you sit with the child at the back.

Have the child lie on his side and monitor that he remains concious.

Do not attempt to stick your fingers into the child’s mouth as this may push the object further down the airway.

 

With your palm cupped, hit the back with firm thrusts, careful not to hit too hard.

 

  • Sprains and swollen joints

Trips and uncomfortable landings can easily cause sprains and swelling. More so on little joints. A sprain is when the ligaments gets overstretched or partially torn. There’s a difference between a sprain and a fracture, so if you are not sure how severe the damage is, it may be advisable to go to casualty for an X-Ray.

Sprains do cause swelling to the area but it usually subsides over 2 days. To treat a sprain use the RICE method.

 

R – Rest after the injury. Do not apply pressure to the area or try to move it or walk with a sprained ankle for at least the first 24 hours.

I – Ice the area for the first fifteen minutes after injury to prevent swelling. Wrap the ice pack in a towel to avoid ice burns on skin.

C – Compress the area. Using a splint or ankle or wrist cast to stabilise the area. Children will not understand why they’re now being bandaged up like a mummy but it’s necessary to prevent further ligament damage or tears.

E – Elevate the area. Above or at heart level. If the injury occurs to the neck or back area to not attempt to move the child. Any movement could cause nerve damage, call EMS instead.

 

  • Bloody nose

Tipping the head back will not stop the bleeding. You can instead cause blood to drip to the back of the child’s throat and increase the flow of blood. Pinch the nostrils closed with your thumb and index finger for about five minutes.

Ask the child to sit up straight and breathe through the mouth.

Do not ask your child to blow their nose during or immediately after a nose bleed.

Seek emergency help if the bleeding does not stop, if the bleeding follows an accident like a fall, punch to the face, or being hit by a ball.

 

We are nearing the holiday season and over the next few months we will be bringing you regular first aid pieces to prepare you in the event of an emergency with your child. From CPR to swimming safety, these are the first aid skills every super parent needs to be armed with.

    Don’t miss out on the latest local news, interviews and competitions.

    Don’t miss out on the latest local news, interviews and competitions.

    Receive the latest news

    Subscribe To Our Newsletter

    THE KAYA 959 APP NOW AVAILABLE

    DOWNLOAD YOURS NOW

    Copyright Notice

    1. COPYRIGHT

    1.1 The contents of this Website, including but not limited to its compilation and arrangement, is the exclusive property of Kaya 959, alternatively the suppliers of content to Kaya 959, and accordingly remain protected by South African and International Copyright and Trademark laws.

    1.2 Any person accessing this Website, may not, save for downloading one copy for their personal computers and solely for their private and non-commercial use :

    1.2.1 Copy, disseminate, distribute, advertise, publish, adapt, modify or in any way reproduce the contents of this website for commercial purposes, unless this notice and any disclaimer attached thereto is published in its entirety, or unless the permission of Kaya 959 is obtained in writing.

    Privacy Policy

    THIS PRIVACY STATEMENT FORMS PART OF KAYA 959’S TERMS OF USE POLICY. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE WITH ANY TERM OF THIS PRIVACY STATEMENT, YOU MUST CEASE YOUR ACCESS OF THIS WEBSITE IMMEDIATELY. 

    POPIA ActTo promote the protection of personal information processed by public and private bodies; to introduce certain conditions so as to establish minimum requirements for the processing of personal information; to provide for the establishment of an Information Regulator to exercise certain powers and to perform certain duties and functions in terms of this Act and the Promotion of Access to Information Act, 2000; to provide for the issuing of codes of conduct; to provide for the rights of persons regarding unsolicited electronic communications and automated decision making; to regulate the flow of personal information across the borders of the Republic; and to provide for matters connected therewith.

    RECOGNISING THAT—

    • section 14 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, provides that everyone has the right to privacy;
    • the right to privacy includes a right to protection against the unlawful collection, retention, dissemination and use of personal information;
    • the State must respect, protect, promote and fulfil the rights in the Bill of Rights;

    AND BEARING IN MIND THAT—

    • consonant with the constitutional values of democracy and openness, the need for economic and social progress, within the framework of the information society, requires the removal of unnecessary impediments to the free flow of information, including personal information;

    AND IN ORDER TO—

    • regulate, in harmony with international standards, the processing of personal information by public and private bodies in a manner that gives effect to the right to privacy subject to justifiable limitations that are aimed at protecting other rights and important interests,
    1. Definitions and Interpretation

    1.1.“Personal Information” means information relating to an identifiable, living, natural person and where it is applicable, identifiable, existing juristic person, including all information as defined in the Protection of Personal Information Act 4 of 2013. 

    1.2  Parliament assented to POPIA on 19 November 2013. The commencement date of section 1Part A of Chapter 5section 112 and section 113 was 11 April 2014. The commencement date of the other sections was 1 July 2020 (with the exception of section 110 and 114(4). The President of South Africa has proclaimed the POPI commencement date to be 1 July 2020.

     
    1.3. “Processing” means the creation, generation, communication, storage, destruction of personal information as more fully defined in the Protection of Personal Information Act 4 of 2013.  

    1.4. “You” or the “user” means any person who accesses and browses this website for any purpose. 

    1.4. “Website” means the website of the KAYA 959 at URL www.kaya959.co.za or such other URL as KAYA 959 may choose from time to time.   

    1. Status and Amendments

    2.1. KAYA 959 respects your privacy. This privacy policy statement sets out KAYA 959’s information gathering and dissemination practices in respect of the Website. 

    2.2. This Privacy Policy governs the processing of personal information provided to KAYA 959 through your use of the Website. 

    2.3. Please note that, due to legal and other developments, KAYA 959 may amend these terms and conditions from time to time.  

    1. Processing of Personal Information

    3.1. By providing your personal information to KAYA 959 you acknowledge that it has been collected directly from you and consent to its processing by KAYA 959. 

    3.2. Where you submit Personal Information (such as name, address, telephone number and email address) via the website (e.g. through completing any online form) the following principles are observed in the processing of that information: 

    3.2.1. KAYA 959 will only collect personal information for a purpose consistent with the purpose for which it is required. The specific purpose for which information is 
    collected will be apparent from the context in which it is requested. 

    3.2.2. KAYA 959 will only process personal information in a manner that is adequate, relevant and not excessive in the context of the purpose for which it is processed. 

    3.2.3. Personal information will only be processed for a purpose compatible with that for which it was collected, unless you have agreed to an alternative purpose in writing or KAYA 959 is permitted in terms of national legislation of general application dealing primarily with the protection of personal information. 

    3.2.4. KAYA 959 will keep records of all personal Information collected and the specific purpose for which it was collected for a period of 1 (one) year from the date on which it was last used. 

    3.2.5. KAYA 959 will not disclose any personal information relating to you to any third party unless your prior written agreement is obtained or KAYA 959 is required to do so by law. 

    3.2.6. If personal information is released with your consent KAYA 959 will retain a record of the information released, the third party to which it was released, the reason for the release and the date of release, for a period of 1 (one) year from the date on which it was last used. 

    3.2.7. KAYA 959 will destroy or delete any personal information that is no longer needed by KAYA 959 for the purpose it was initially collected, or subsequently processed. 

    3.3. Note that, as permitted by the Electronic Communications and Transactions Act 25 of 2002, KAYA 959 may use personal information collected to compile profiles for statistical purposes. No information contained in the profiles or statistics will be able to be linked to any specific user.    

    1. Collection of anonymous data

    4.1. KAYA 959 may use standard technology to collect information about the use of this website. This technology is not able to identify individual users but simply allows KAYA 959 to collect statistics. 

    4.2. KAYA 959 may utilise temporary or session cookies to keep track of users’ browsing habits. A cookie is a small file that is placed on your hard drive in order to keep a record of your interaction with this website and facilitate user convenience. 

    4.2.1. Cookies by themselves will not be used to identify users personally but may be used to compile identified statistics relating to use of services offered or to provide KAYA 959 with feedback on the performance of this website. 

    4.2.2. The following classes of information may be collected in respect of users who have enabled cookies: 

    4.2.2.1. The browser software used; 

    4.2.2.2. IP address; 

    4.2.2.3. Date and time of activities while visiting the website; 

    4.2.2.4. URLs of internal pages visited; and 

    4.2.2.5. referrers. 

    4.3. If you do not wish cookies to be employed to customize your interaction with this website it is possible to alter the manner in which your browser handles cookies. Please note that, if this is done, certain services on this website may not be available. 

    1. Security

    5.1. KAYA 959 takes reasonable measures to ensure the security and integrity of information submitted to or collected by this website, but cannot under any circumstances be held liable for any loss or other damage sustained by you as a result of unlawful access to or dissemination of any personal information by a third party. 

    1. Links to other websites

    6.1. KAYA 959 has no control over and accepts no responsibility for the privacy practices of any third party websites to which hyperlinks may have been provided and KAYA 959 strongly recommends that you review the privacy policy of any website you visit before using it further. 

    1. Queries

    7.1. If you have any queries about this privacy policy please contact us by emailing [email protected] 

    Competition Terms and Conditions

    • The competitions are open to all persons over the age of 18 years; except directors, partners, employees, agents, service providers, and consultants of Kaya 959, the sponsor and all its subsidiaries and its holding company, if any, as well as all spouses, life partners, parents, children, siblings, business partners and associates of such persons.

    • The outcome of the competition is subject to the decision of the judge/presenter, whose decision is final and no negotiation will be entered into thereafter. Neither Kaya 959, sponsors nor their agents will be held responsible or answerable to any dispute arising from the competition or prize awards.

    • Participants/listeners enter or take part in competitions at their own risk and Kaya 959 bears no responsibility for any loss, damage or harm suffered as a result of participation in any of Kaya 959 competition.

    • One listener is entitled to winning one prize in a period of 3 months. Kaya 959 reserves the right not to award a prize if the listener has won a prize prior during the 3 month window period. This also applies to listeners who provide family or friend’s contact details.

    • Kaya 959 reserves the right to redistribute all unclaimed prizes if not claimed after 3 months after being given away On Air or on the website.

    • Prizes are not transferable and may not be exchanged for cash.

    • Finalists will forfeit their participation in the competition if they fail to attend the draws.

    • The competition will run during the period advertised on Kaya 959; entries received outside of the competition period will not be considered for the competition draw.

    • Kaya 959 and their sponsors reserve the right to cancel, modify or amend the competition at any time if deemed necessary in their opinion, or if circumstances arise outside of their control.

    • By entering the competition, entrants agree to accept these rules and to be bound by them.